Fastweb, owned by Swisscom, has announced the first large millimetre wave build (26 GHz) in Europe, intending to cover a third of Italy by 2024. That's actually more than Verizon's plan, adjusted for population. (Italy: 60M; U.S. 328M.) Verizon's current plan is 30M by 2024 to 2027, about a quarter of the U.S. Fastweb expects to deliver a gigabit 500 meters, using Samsung fixed wireless gear and all outdoor antennas. (That's ambitious.)

They are building a better network than Swisscom's own, I believe, which is sub-6 GHz and generally will run at a third the speed of mmWave. Xavier Niel is taking millions of mobile customers in Italy and will soon offer fixed as well. This is a competitive response, one more datapoint that competition, not higher prices, drives investment.

Telefonica Germany has a similar plan, according to CTO Cayetano Carbajo. 

He told a conference the company will offer fixed wireless to 25% of Germany, about 10 million homes. That may or may not be going forward. Madrid said he spoke too soon and it was still just a test.

Fastweb long ago was a pioneer with one of the largest fibre builds in Europe, but stopped after about 3M homes passed. Since then, they've done another 3M homes with fibre/DSL at lower speeds. They have cut a deal with Italy's government-owned Open Fiber to bring coverage to 90% of Italians, over 21M homes.

If Telefonica holds back in Germany, Italy will have a better Internet than the Germans. 

Here's the announcement. 

Fastweb relaunches on infrastructure and doubles Ultra Broadband coverage

PRESS  05/02/2019
By 2024, 16 million homes and businesses will be reached through a proprietary network thanks to 5G FWA

Fastweb, one of the leading telecommunications operators in Italy, today announced the launch of the new infrastructure expansion plan with the goal of doubling the coverage of its ultra-broadband network by 2024.

The expansion project will be financed by Fastweb's total investment plan of € 3 billion over 5 years, entirely financed with own resources. Starting this year, Fastweb will launch the deployment of a 5G Fixed Wireless Access network, thanks to which the number of families and businesses reached by links up to 1 Gigabit per second on a proprietary network will increase from the current 8 million - of which 4 with FTTH technology (Fiber to the Home) and 4 with FTTC (Fiber to the Cabinet) technology - at 16 million.

"Once again Fastweb stands out for its ability to differentiate itself from other operators by picking up the technological trends in advance. We are the first in Italy and among the first in Europe to have grasped the enormous potential of 5G for the construction of a fixed network ultra-broadband on which we will leverage to further strengthen our positioning as an infrastructure operator "said Alberto Calcagno, CEO of Fastweb. "A characteristic thanks to which - as evidenced by the analyzes of Mediobanca and Natixis - Fastweb is the only Italian operator to grow in the five-year period 2013-2017 (+ 18.4%) and the operator in Europe with the best performance in terms of EBITDA in the last 5 years ".

Unlike FTTH connections, the 5G FWA network uses the 5G frequencies - and in particular the 26 GHz band spectrum acquired by Fastweb during the recent auction - to build the last 250-500 meters of the network and bring it to homes - equipped with small receiving antennas on the roofs or on the balconies - ultra-performing connections entirely similar to those made with fiber, as demonstrated by the experimentation started in collaboration with Samsung in Milan in recent months. During the trials, connection speeds exceeding Gigabit per second were reached, demonstrating that in Fixed Wireless Access mode the 5G is a valid alternative to the FTTH infrastructure, with significantly reduced times and costs compared to traditional fiber networks.

The 5G FWA network will be rolled out from the pilot city of Bolzano, whose coverage will be implemented in the coming months and then continue on to the rest of the territory. Thanks to the expansion plan, the percentage of families and businesses covered by Fastweb's ultra-broadband proprietary network will reach from 30% to 60%.

Moreover, thanks to the access to the Telecom Italia network which is supported, following the mutual sharing agreement announced today, access to Open Fiber infrastructures, Fastweb will be able to connect with hyper-connectivity services performing even in areas where it does not have its own infrastructures, for a total coverage with ultra-broadband networks equal to 90%.

dave ask


The 3.3-4.2 spectrum should be shared, not exclusively used by one company, concludes an important U.S. Defense Innovation Board report. If more wireless broadband is important, sharing is of course right because shared networks can yield far more

It does work! Verizon's mmWave tests over a gigabit in the real world. 
The $669 OnePlus 7 Pro outclasses the best Apples and probably the new Galaxy 10 or Huawei P30 Pro. Optical zoom, three cameras, liquid cooling, Qualcomm 855 and more.
Korea at 400,000 5G May 15. Chinese "pre-commercial" signing customers, 60,000-120,000 base stations in 2019, million+ remarkable soon. 
5G phones Huawei Mate 20, Samsung Galaxy 10, ZTE Nubia, LG V50, and OPPO are all on sale at China Unicom. All cost US$1,000 to 1,500 before subsidy. Xiaomi promises US$600.
Natural monopoly? Vodafone & Telecom Italia to share 5G, invite all other companies to join.
Huawei predicts 5G phones for US$200 in 2021, $300 even earlier
NY Times says "5G is dangerous" is a Russian plot. Really.
Althiostar raised US$114 million for a virtual RAN system in the cloud. Rakuten, Japan's new #4, is using it and invested.
Ireland is proposing a US$3 billion subsidy for rural fibre that will be much too expensive. Politics.
Telefonica Brazil has 9M FTTH homes passed and will add 6M more within two years. Adjusted for population, that's more than the U.S. The CEO publicly urged other carriers to raise prices together.
CableLabs and Cisco have developed Low Latency XHaul (LLX) with 5-15 ms latency for 5G backhaul,  U.S. cable is soon to come in very strong in wireless. Details 
Korea Telecom won 100,000 5G customers in the first month. SK & LG added 150,000 more. KT has 37,500 cells. planning 90% of the country by yearend. 
The Chinese giants expect 60,000 to 90,000 5G cells by the end of 2019.
China Telecom's Yang Xin warns, "Real large-scale deployment of operators' edge computing may be after 2021." Customers are hard to find.
Reliance Jio registered 97.5% 4G availability across India in Open Signal testing. Best in world.

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Welcome On Oct 1, 2019 Verizon turned on the first $20B 5G mmWave network with extraordinary hopes. The actual early results have been dismal. Good engineers tell me that will change. Meanwhile, the hype is unreal. Time for reporting closer to the truth.

The estimates you hear about 5G costs are wildly exaggerated. Verizon is building the most advanced wireless network while reducing capex. Deutsche Telekom and Orange/France Telecom also confirm they won't raise capex.

Massive MIMO in either 4G or "5G" can increase capacity 3X to 7X, including putting 2.3 GHz to 4.2 GHz to use. Carrier Aggregation, 256 QAM, and other tools double and triple that. Verizon sees cost/bit dropping 40% per year.

Cisco & others see traffic growth slowing to 30%/year or less.  I infer overcapacity almost everywhere.  

Believe it or not, 80% of 5G (mid-band) for several years will be slower than good 4G, which is more developed.